Natural Gas Measurement, Control, and Odorization Log
We provide insights into natural gas measurement, control, odorization, and various natural gas products.
GPL 750 Odorizer - Principle of Odorant Injection System Operation
GPL Odorizers manufactures cost-effective, planet-friendly odorization solutions using advanced technology to deliver safe, accurate, and reliable odorant injection for natural gas, biogas, and propane. The GPL 750 odorant injection system is unique, and the following highlights its working principle.
The GPL 750 uses proprietary drip technology, permitting precise odorization in even problematic ranges, such as low-volume (even no-flow) and intermittent-volume applications from 0-24 MMSCFD on pipelines with pressure ranging 40 to 250 PSI. The odorization system is appropriate for small city gate stations, municipalities, and methane (biogas) producers.
The GPL 750 is a solenoid-driven odorant injection system and has a clean, sealed, and ventless design since pipeline gas does not actuate the injector. No gas or odorant ever discharges to the atmosphere from the odorizer; therefore, there is no smell during normal operation and maintenance. This design alone contributes to lowering false leak-call complaints commonly associated with the operation of an odorization system. Additionally, with only one moving part, the GPL 750 odorizer is an uncomplicated system, has long-lasting performance, is easy to maintain, and operate.
PLC Interfaces with Injector
An industry-leading programmable logic controller (PLC) interfaces with the flow meter and the odorizer's system components, automatically compensating the injection rate to provide uniform odorant distribution.
The odorizer accurately doses the gas with odorant in individual droplets of 0.01 cm3. An optical sensor counts each droplet and communicates the information to the PLC. The PLC, having the gas flow rate through the flowmeter instructs the injector to introduce the next odorant dosage when sufficient gas flows. The dose is calculated and optimized, based on the flow rate and the configured injection rate. The dosage can vary, from one to multiple drops, to provide optimal and consistent odorization, which maximizes the life of the components. The optical sensor can accurately record, as many as six drops/second; however, the corresponding flow rate for such a high odorant dosage is improbable. If an extra drop of odorant falls during dosing, the optical sensor recognizes it, and the PLC allows additional gas to flow before the next dose.
The target period between doses is three minutes; however, the optimization algorithm creates some variation between dosages to compensate for the effects of flow rate fluctuations.
Gas Mass Flow Meter
Since the gas flow rate determines odorant injection, the integration of the GPL 100 thermal mass flow meter with excellent low flow sensitivity and high rangeability assures accurate, optimal and repeatable odorization even in low-and intermittent-flow systems.
Odorant Pressure and Injection Rate
A spring- and dome-loaded regulator automatically controls the pressure of the odorant to the injector based on pipeline pressure to ensure consistent dosing.
The PLC calculates the odorant injection rate and determines the total odorant usage. The optical comparator generates a pulse when a configurable mass of odorant flows. Both the measured gas flow rate and mass of injected odorant stores hourly on the PLC SD card and is available for regulatory or company documentation.
Self-Monitoring and Real-Time Alarms
The system is self-monitoring and generates an external alarm to PCs and smartphones if the odorizer is unable to odorize within the configured settings. Alarm conditions are stored and time-stamped in non-volatile memory (SD card).
Mechanical Mode During Power Failure
In the event of a power failure, by opening the solenoid and adjusting the pressure regulator, a temporary mechanical mode can provide an acceptable odorant injection. In this situation, the flow computer goes down because there is no power on-site; however, the manual fix safely odorizes gas for delivery.